Futurology is the science of predicting the future considering modern technological, economic and social trends.
The works of Nizami Ganjavi have many futurological ideas. According to the Arabic legend of the same name, which the poem “Leyli and Majnun” is based on, Majnun and Leyli are from cattle grazing families, and they meet in the stable. Leyli and Majnun, Nizami`s protagonists, are the children of a society where girls go to the same school as boys and study in the same classroom. This idea was unbelievable for the Middle Ages, both in the West and in the East, but Nizami believes that it is possible and convinces readers with his talent.
In “Iskandarnama”, Iskandar has to fight a strong enemy. New military equipment – “iron warriors” – is invented to defeat the enemy. It is clear from Nizami`s description that warriors and their horses are made of iron, the inner sides of them are empty and they move through the wheels. They are controlled by a warrior behind them. When the “iron warriors” reach the enemy, fire begins to erupt from the tips of spears and destroys the enemy. What is this? In fact, the “iron warriors” described by Nizami are self-propelled drones, a type of armored vehicle that destroys the enemy by firing.