Nizami Ganjavi gathers most Greek philosophers around Alexander in the poem “Iskandarnama”. Although Aristotle, Plato, Socrates, Thales of Miletus, and other philosophers lived in different eras, Nizami unites them around Alexander at the same time in his work. This idea is influenced by the works of Plato and promotes the concept of an ideal ruler. A true ideal ruler is a combination of a strong leader (courage, bravery, power) and philosophers (intelligence, thinking, cognition) at one point. Cognition needs power, and power needs cognition. When they unite, an ideal state is established, and the head of state must be a leader surrounded by philosophers.